Server Side Rendering vs Client Side Rendering

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Ival Shamkya

Server-Side Rendering (SSR) and Client-Side Rendering (CSR) illustration
Last updated: November 14, 2023

In the dynamic landscape of web development, choosing between Server-Side Rendering (SSR) and Client-Side Rendering (CSR) is a crucial decision. Let’s explore the characteristics, advantages, and use cases of both rendering approaches.

Server-Side Rendering (SSR)


Server-Side Rendering involves generating the HTML for a web page on the server side before sending it to the client’s browser.

Key Characteristics

  • Rendering on the Server: The server processes the request, generates the HTML content, and sends a fully rendered page to the client.
  • SEO-Friendly: SSR is considered more SEO-friendly compared to CSR, as search engine crawlers receive the fully rendered HTML.
  • Initial Page Load Time: Generally, SSR can have slower initial page load times, especially for large applications, as the server must process the entire page before sending it to the client.


  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO): SSR is beneficial for SEO purposes, as search engines can easily crawl and index the content.
  • Performance on Slow Devices: SSR can provide a better user experience on slow devices, as the server handles the rendering workload.

Use Cases

  • Content-Heavy Websites: SSR is suitable for content-heavy websites where SEO is a significant consideration.
  • Static Websites: SSR is commonly used for static websites with relatively stable content.

Client-Side Rendering (CSR)


Client-Side Rendering involves rendering web pages on the client’s browser using JavaScript.

Key Characteristics

  • Rendering on the Client: The server sends a minimal HTML page, and the client’s browser uses JavaScript to fetch data and render the page.
  • Fast Initial Page Load: CSR can result in faster initial page load times, especially for single-page applications (SPAs), as only essential assets are initially loaded.


  • Interactivity: CSR excels in providing a highly interactive user experience, as the client can dynamically update content without reloading the entire page.
  • Reduced Server Load: CSR can reduce the server’s workload, as the client handles more rendering responsibilities.

Use Cases

  • Single-Page Applications (SPAs): CSR is commonly used for SPAs, where dynamic content updates and interactivity are crucial.
  • Web Applications: CSR is suitable for web applications with complex user interfaces and frequent content updates.


Choosing between SSR and CSR depends on the specific requirements of your project. Consider factors like SEO needs, initial page load times, and the level of interactivity required. In many cases, a combination of both SSR and CSR techniques, known as Hybrid Rendering, is employed to leverage the strengths of each approach.


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